Reappraisal of lagoon specific local marine reservoir effects in Tongatapu, the Kingdom of Tonga, over the last 3000 years

Naoto Fukuyo, Geoffrey Clark, Yusuke Yokoyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    Lagoon-specific local marine reservoir effects (ΔRlagoon) were defined as a new proxy to estimate the radiocarbon (14C) activity change in the lagoon freshwater proportion [1]. In Tongatapu island, previous research showed that ΔRlagoon values increased linearly between ∼2.6 and 0.4 ka, which suggested that ΔRlagoon value increase was caused by the near-closure of the Fanga ‘Uta Lagoon [1]. However, the calculated values contained large errors. Here, we refine those study results and present 26 new 14C values from G. tumidum combined with the previously published values and a ΔRlagoon value recalculated using Marine20. Moreover, we investigated whether the 14C value of G. tumidum reflected that of the dissolved inorganic carbon in the lagoon water. Although the new ΔRlagoon values were similar between 0.4 ka and 1.2 ka, the values increased from 2.6 ka to 1.2 ka. This timing was consistent with geophysical comparisons reported in our previous study and archaeological studies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)185-191
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research: Section B
    Publication statusPublished - 2023

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