This paper investigates the spatial concentration of Chinese manufacturing using data collected in both the second and third national industrial censuses. It is found that many of China's manufacturing industries were highly geographically concentrated in several coastal regions in 1995. A historical comparison of the concentration levels between 1980, 1985 and 1995 suggests that manufacturing industries have become more geographically concentrated following the economic reform. An econometric analysis further supports new economic geography theory and reveals that China appeared to be on the upside of the upside down U curve.
|Journal||Journal of Development Economics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|