Communities are rarely seen as the ideal level at which to focus science communication efforts, compared to the individual, psychological or mass, societal levels. Yet evidence from allied fields suggests building interpersonal relationships with specific communities over time is key to meaningful engagement, so orienting science communication towards communities is warranted. In this paper, we argue this case. We review previous studies, identifying three existing models of community-oriented science communication, which we label â€˜neighbourlyâ€™, â€˜problem-solvingâ€™ and â€˜brokeringâ€™. We illustrate the effectiveness of the â€˜problem-solvingâ€™ approach and the desirable ideal of â€˜brokeringâ€™ using recent examples of community-oriented science communication from Australia.