Restorative Justice and "Empowerment": Producing and Governing Active Subjects through "Empowering" Practices

Kelly Richards

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    During the last quarter-century, restorative justice has emerged as a widely-utilised response to crime in Western nations. This article, which stems from a Foucauldian genealogy of restorative justice, argues that its embeddedness within the discourse of "empowerment" renders restorative justice a politically acceptable response to crime. "Empowerment", it is argued, is one of many conditions of emergence of restorative justice. The discourse of "empowerment" underpins restorative justice in tangible ways, and has informed legislation and policy in Western jurisdictions. This article seeks to problematise the taken-for-granted nature of this discourse. It argues that the discourse of "empowerment" produces restorative justice subjects who are increasingly governed and governable. As "empowering" restorative practices are targeted towards "disempowered" individuals and communities, concerns are raised about the potential of restorative justice to disproportionately impact upon socially marginalised populations and to increase social exclusion.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)91-105
    JournalCritical Criminology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    Dive into the research topics of 'Restorative Justice and "Empowerment": Producing and Governing Active Subjects through "Empowering" Practices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this