Rethinking the IR theory of empire in late imperial China

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    International relations scholars have recently taken increased interest in empire. However, research has often focused on European colonial empires. This article aims to evaluate imperialism in a non-Western historical setting: Late Imperial China. The article first compares extant international relations (IR) accounts of empire (one broad and one narrow) to theories of the East Asian hierarchical international system. Second, to further specify analysis, I evaluate IR theories of empire against the historical record of the Ming and Qing dynasties, addressing Chinese relations with surrounding 'tributary' states, conquered imperial possessions, and other neighboring polities. I argue that while IR theories of empire capture much of the region's historical politics, they nonetheless underspecify it. Theories of East Asian hierarchy suggest additional mechanisms at work. The historical cases suggest extensive variation in how empires expand and consolidate. I conclude that there is room for further theory building about empire in IR and suggest possible areas of emphasis.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-79pp
    JournalInternational Relations of the Asia-Pacific
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Rethinking the IR theory of empire in late imperial China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this