The starting point of any statebuilding discussion is state fragility or state weakness broadly understoodâ€”that is what is to be â€˜correctedâ€™ or addressed through statebuilding interventions. There is a wide consensus among researchers and practitioners on the importance of statebuilding in contemporary world politics. One of the implications of the institutional approach to statebuilding is the undue focus on state capacity which enables intervenors to legitimize all forms of international interventionsâ€”including international administrations. Social cohesion considerations have been increasingly taken on board by policy-makers, mostly through disappointment with mixed results of top-down â€˜coalitionâ€™ interventions in Iraq, Afghanistan, but also UN-led peacebuilding interventions in Kosovo or Timor-Leste. The social legitimacy approach has a number of implications for statebuilding issues. Following this approach, â€˜state collapseâ€™ is not only driven by institutional collapse, but also by the collapse of the legitimacy of the central authority.
|Title of host publication||Routledge Handbook of Peace, Security and Development|
|Editors||Fen Osler Hampson, Alpaslan Ozerdem and Jonathan Kent|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|