The Cyber Threat Landscape: Challenges and Future Research Directions

Kim-Kwang (Raymond) Choo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    Cyber threats are becoming more sophisticated with the blending of once distinct types of attack into more damaging forms. Increased variety and volume of attacks is inevitable given the desire of financially and criminally-motivated actors to obtain personal and confidential information, as highlighted in this paper. We describe how the Routine Activity Theory can be applied to mitigate these risks by reducing the opportunities for cyber crime to occur, making cyber crime more difficult to commit and by increasing the risks of detection and punishment associated with committing cyber crime. Potential research questions are also identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)719-731
    JournalComputers and Security
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


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