Chinaâ€™s latest commitments to the Paris Agreement have attracted great attention. Scholars have questioned the feasibility of Chinaâ€™s pledges to peak emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. To achieve these goals, China has resorted to extreme emissions reduction actions. However, co-deficits of Chinaâ€™s climate ambition have been largely overlooked. An intersectional and just transitions perspective is critical to examine limits and trade-offs for broad societal goals. This paper outlines five policy approaches that can help limit co-deficits and unlock broader social benefits.