The hilltop location known as Macapainara is an extensive fortified settlement complex near
the modern coastal village of Com (Figure 2.1). Although the settlement is no longer occupied,
families living in the modern harbour village of Com identify it as their ancestral homeland
and visit the ancestral graves in the settlement to perform rituals. Macapainara is 175 m above
sea level and approximately 2 km in from the northern coastline of Timor-Leste (Figure 2.1).
In 2008, excavations were carried out within the walls in order to assess the nature and chronology
of occupation. The phenomenon of fort building and its chronology in Timor-Leste have been
examined elsewhere (Fenner and Bulbeck 2013; Oï¿½Connor et al. 2012). Here we focus on
describing the excavated cultural assemblage.
|Title of host publication||Forts and Fortification in Wallacea: Archaeological and Ethnohistoric Investigations|
|Editors|| Sue O'Connor, Andrew McWilliam, Sally Brockwell|
|Place of Publication||Canberra|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|