The human dimension of biodiversity changes on islands

Sandra Nogue, Ana M. C. Santos, H. John B. Birks, Svante Bjorck, Alvaro Castilla-Beltran, Simon Connor, Erik J. de Boer, Lea de Nascimento, Vivian A. Felde, Jose Maria Fernandez-Palacios, Cynthia A. Froyd, Simon Haberle, Matthew Prebble, Janelle Stevenson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Islands are among the last regions on Earth settled and transformed by human activities, and they provide replicated model systems for analysis of how people affect ecological functions. By analyzing 27 representative fossil pollen sequences encompassing the past 5000 years from islands globally, we quantified the rates of vegetation compositional change before and after human arrival. After human arrival, rates of turnover accelerate by a median factor of 11, with faster rates on islands colonized in the past 1500 years than for those colonized earlier. This global anthropogenic acceleration in turnover suggests that islands are on trajectories of continuing change. Strategies for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem restoration must acknowledge the long duration of human impacts and the degree to which ecological changes today differ from prehuman dynamics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)488-491
    JournalScience
    Volume30
    Issue number6541
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

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