East Kalimantan province (Kaltim) has adopted and developed a long-term phased â€˜greenâ€™ economic reform strategy that includes goals to limit coal production and increase agricultural productivity, particularly in the oil palm sector. â€¢ One notable achievement of East Kalimantanâ€™s green economic reform is the issuance of various regulations supporting low-carbon development that indicate a â€œpolitics of possibilityâ€ and an appetite for change from key actors across the political spectrum. The challenge ahead is how to mobilize key actors to implement these regulations as quickly as possible. â€¢ We find that the enactment of regulations on post-mining landscape reclamation and rehabilitation was associated with well-organized public mobilizations, but coal remains central to East Kalimantanâ€™s economy. For oil palm, the government is simultaneously promoting further oil palm development along with high conservation value forest protection â€“ now a policy prescription with widespread support from members of the house of representatives and development partners. â€¢ However, the East Kalimantan Provincial Government also seeks to maintain economic growth â€“ meaning the province is unlikely to completely phase out coal mining and/or halt oil palm expansion in the near term. â€¢ Clear and consistent policy directions from the national government, in combination with significant new global market signals, are required for more substantial provincial green economy reforms to proceed.
|Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
|Published - 2021