The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia

Hugh McColl, Fernando Racimo, Lasse Vinner, Fabrice Demeter, Takashi Gakuhari, Andaine Seguin-Orlando, Constanza de la Fuente Castro, S. Wasef, Rasmi Shoocongdej, Viengkeo Souksavatdy, Hsiao-chun Hung

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the "two-layer" hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese J?mon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)88-92pp
    JournalScience
    Volume361
    Issue number6397
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

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