In post-Mao China, a group of Chinese intellectuals who formed what became the New Left (???) sought to renew socialism in China in a context of globalization and the rise of social inequalities they associated with neo-liberalism. As they saw it, China's market reform and opening to the world had not brought greater equality and prosperity for all Chinese citizens. As part of China Information's research dialogue on the intellectual public sphere in China, this article provides a historical survey of the development of the contemporary Chinese New Left, exploring the range of ideas that characterized this intellectual movement. It takes as its focus four of the most prominent New Left figures and their positions in the ongoing debate about China's future: Wang Shaoguang, Cui Zhiyuan, Wang Hui, and Gan Yang.