The Shadow Pandemic: Violence against Women in Pakistan during COVID-19 Lockdown

M M Munir, Malik Haroon Munir, Ume Rubaca

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    The present study documents the vital outcome of COVID-19 lockdown on the lifespan of women in Pakistan. The lockdown has affected the unemployment rate, particularly in the rural region of the country. Passing along the eleven in-depth interviews and one focus group discussion (FGD) conducted in rural parts of the twin cities (Islamabad & Rawalpindi), the survey demonstrated that the ruination of the income level during COVID-19 lockdown has increased partner violence in the country. The information received further revealed that the bread earners of the families are enduring greater levels of stress and anxiety eventually resulting in a substantial growth in intimate partner violence (IPV).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)229-248
    JournalJournal of International Women's Studies
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

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