Times of Sand: Sedimentary History and Archaeology at the Sigatoka Dunes, Fiji

Atholl Anderson, Richard Roberts, William Dickinson, Geoffrey Clark, David Burley, Antonie de Biran, Geoffrey Hope, Patrick Nunn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    The orthodox archaeological sequence at the Sigatokaes site (VL 16/1) in Fiji proposes three phases of occupation spanning Fijian prehistory, each associated with a period of dune stability. It has been taken as the standard model of Fijian prehistory for more than 30 years. Recently, however, it has been argued that there is no stratigraphic support for three discrete levels and that the occupation history was fragmented, complex, and continuous within a volatile dune system. We present new data, from optical and radiocarbon dating, to argue that a three-phase model, although somewhat more complex in detail, remains the most robust interpretation of site history. The longest stable phase (Level 2) began 2500-2300 cal yr B.P. and is possibly associated with relatively low ENSO frequency. Substantial sand dune accumulation began after ? 1300 cal yr B.P.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)131-154
    JournalGeoarchaeology: An International Journal
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


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