This paper examines the challenges and considerations in using sustainability indicators for comparison purposes, using coffee supply chains in Mexico and Costa Rica as case studies. The context of coffee production and processing in the two countries is outlined followed by a comparison of the two case studies using a 'fair return' as an example indicator. The fourth section highlights tensions in sustainability indicator use such as the need for context-specific indicators to ensure meaningful results and the need for widely accepted indicators to provide objective benchmarks for comparison purposes, among others. The paper concludes by proposing that sustainable supply chain management requires convergence of sustainability frameworks and increased flexibility in the implementation.
|Greener Management International
|Published - 2004