The Republic of Vanuatu, located in the south west Pacific, comprises a total land area of 12,195 sq km, made up of 83 islands, 70 of which are inhabited (Figure 59.1). Vanuatu was a former colony of Britain and France, jointly run under a Condominium government and known during that period as the New Hebrides or Nouvelles Hébrides, until it gained its independence in 1980. The indigenous population (known as ni-Vanuatu) of about 220,000 today remains remarkably culturally and linguistically diverse (Bonnemaison et al. 1996; Siméoni 2009). Most of the population practise a subsistence lifestyle and live in kin-based groups on their ancestral lands, practising a range of traditional or kastom beliefs. As a small, developing nation, Vanuatu has limited financial resources and consequently government priorities are focused on supporting and developing basic infrastructure.
|Title of host publication||The Routledge handbook of archeological human remains and legislation: an international guide to laws and practice in the excavation and treatment of archaeological human remains|
|Editors||Nicholas Marquez-Grant and Linda Fibiger.|
|Place of Publication||Oxon, UK|
|Publisher||Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|