|Title of host publication||Palgrave Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Futures|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Publisher||Springer Nature Switzerland AG|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
Voluntary programs have rapidly gained prominence to accelerate urban climate action. Effectively, voluntary programs are rule systems that set requirements for their participants, but they do not have to force of law behind them. The challenge is to develop programs that combine requirements (rules) and incentives (rewards) in such a way that they achieve voluntary compliance. Lessons from voluntary programs for urban climate action may help to develop voluntary programs to tackle other urban challenges too. Taking fossil-fuelled cars off city streets by banning trips that can...