The very idea of a pacifist weapon seems to be an oxymoron-pacifism is the opposition to killing and war, yet weapons are designed to kill. However, given the large and primarily negative impacts of war, if we take seriously the notion of Value Sensitive Design (VSD), that the design of technologies is not value neutral, we may have a moral duty to design pacifist military weapons. This chapter looks at four sorts of weapons-a space defense system like the US â€œStar Warsâ€ program, nuclear weapons, cyberweapons and â€œwarbotsâ€-to present a matrix of â€œpacifist weaponsâ€ that differ significantly in how the design of the weapons relates to the value placed on pacifism. Henschkeâ€™s analysis shows that pacifist weapons are indeed plausible, that the term is not oxymoronic, but that our underpinning notions of pacifism and design impact the sorts of weapons that pacifism might require.
|Title of host publication||The Nature of Peace and the Morality of Armed Conflict|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publisher||Palgrave Macmillan Cham|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|