What caused extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna of Sahul?

Christopher N Johnson, John Alroy, Nicholas J. Beeton, Michael I Bird, Barry Brook, Alan Cooper, Richard Gillespie, S. Herrando-Perez, Zenobia Jacobs, Gifford Hubbs Miller, Gavin Prideaux, Richard Roberts, M. Rodrıguez-Rey, F. Saltre, Chris S M Turney, Corey J A Bradshaw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    During the Pleistocene, Australia and New Guinea supported a rich assemblage of large vertebrates. Why these animals disappeared has been debated for more than a century and remains controversial. Previous synthetic reviews of this problem have typically focused heavily on particular types of evidence, such as the dating of extinction and human arrival, and have frequently ignored uncertainties and biases that can lead to misinterpretation of this evidence. Here, we review diverse evidence bearing on this issue and conclude that, although many knowledge gaps remain, multiple independent lines of evidence point to direct human impact as the most likely cause of extinction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20152399-20152399
    JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences
    Issue number1824
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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