What Difference Does Government Make? Measuring Redistribution in a Comparative Perspective

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Government policies in all countries affect the distribution of household income. In high-income countries, they do so through a range of programs but most directly through the cash transfers paid to households and the direct taxes and social security contributions collected from them. In addition, other social spending programs and other forms of taxes impact on households. Different welfare states may pursue a variety of social objectives, with the balance and priority given to each of them varying across both countries and between programs. A critical issue that all governments confront – particularly when considering policy reforms – is whether the redistributive and other policy objectives of society could be more effectively or efficiently achieved through a different mix or design of policies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMeasuring and Promoting Wellbeing: How Important is Economic Growth? Essays in honour of Ian Castles AO and a selection of Castles' papers
    Editors Andrew Podger and Dennis Trewin
    Place of PublicationCanberra
    PublisherANU Press
    Pages477-516
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9781925021325
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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