This paper investigated the propensity and the magnitude of tax avoidance risk exposure among different taxpayers by analyzing both enterprise-related and government-related variables. Providing far-reaching analysis and examining a relatively unexplored area of conforming tax avoidance, this study employs two measurements of tax avoidance including non-conforming and conforming tax avoidance. In the brain area of empirical analysis, this paper combined a fixed-effect model to control omitted variable bias together with adoption of heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation-consistent standard errors (HAC/clustered SE). The results depict that the magnitude of tax avoidance risks varies depending on the characteristics of taxpayers. Higher risks were found in so-called foreign-controlled enterprises and foreign invested enterprises. With respect to entitiesâ€™ sector, this study also demonstrates that the propensity of higher risk exposure was depicted in financial and mining sector relative to full sample taxpayers.
|Publication status||Published - 2019|