With, within, and beyond the state: The promise and limits of transnational legal ordering

Gregory Shaffer, Terence Halliday

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    Our theoretical framework provides a way to assess empirically how legal norms interact at the transnational, national, and local levels in terms of their construction, conveyance, and practice. For us, the term “transnational” thus does not suggest the disappearance of the state, the withdrawal of the state as a major actor, or processes autonomous of state law, as contended by others. Rather, the term “transnational” has three core attributes. First, it highlights that states (through state officials) are just one among many actors engaged in transnational legal ordering. Second, it points to the ways transnational legal ordering transcends and often transforms states through their participation in transnational legal processes. Third, it underscores that one needs to assess the interaction of state and nonstate actors at different levels of social organization, including international organizations and transnational networks, national institutions, and local practice, to understand transnational legal ordering.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Transnational Law
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Print)9780197547410
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


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