Zhu Xi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The central topic of Confucian moral philosophy is ren xing, or “human nature.” Within that tradition, the two most influential accounts of the topic are those of Mencius (fourth century bce; see Mencius) and Zhu Xi (1130–1200). Mencius lived at a time when many thinkers were troubled by a profound metaphysical doubt as to whether “heaven” (tian) underpins human moral values. Ren xing is what links us with the nonhuman universe, the normative order of heaven. Mencius maintained that humans (ren) are beings born for goodness; at birth, there exists a natural tendency for goodness, as inevitable as the natural tendency of water to flow downward. When left unhindered and properly nurtured, our innate good tendencies – the moral predispositions of our “heart‐mind” (xin) – will become manifest of their own accord (see Intuitions, Moral).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Ethics
    Editors Hugh LaFollette
    Place of PublicationUnited States of America
    PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Inc
    Pages5575-5582
    ISBN (Print)9781444367072
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Zhu Xi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this